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17 December 2015

Drug Use Declines Among American Youth: Teen Use of Ecstasy, Heroin, Synthetic Marijuana, Alcohol, Cigarettes All Decreased

~ Partnership for Drug-Free Kids Responds to 2015 Monitoring the Future Study ~

NEW YORK- December 16, 2015 – The University of Michigan’s Monitoring the Future Study (MTF), an annual survey tracking teen drug abuse among 40,000 8th-, 10th,- and 12th- graders, shows some positive inroads and encouraging news in substance abuse among American youth.

Use of several illicit drugs – including MDMA (known as Ecstasy or Molly), heroin, amphetamines and synthetic marijuana – showed a noted decline in this year’s data. The MTF study also noted that teen use of both alcohol and cigarettes reached their lowest points since the study began in 1975. Marijuana use among our nation’s youth remained stable; though teens’ perception of risk associated with marijuana use continue to soften.

Teen Misuse and Abuse of Rx Medicines Declines, But Still at Nationally High Levels

MTF also found that misuse and abuse of prescription (Rx) drug​s among 12th­ graders has shown a gradual decline since 2005, when annual prevalence was at 17 percent. This year’s data included a non-statistically significant further decline in 2015 from 14 percent to 13 percent among high school seniors in the U.S. That means that more than 1 in 10 high school seniors has abused a prescription drug at least once in their lifetime. (In the MTF study, prescription drug abuse is measured with an index that includes use of narcotics, sedatives, tranquilizers and/or amphetamines without medical supervision and only 12th­ graders report on their use of all of these drugs).

However, while unchanged since last year, non-medical use of the Rx stimulant Adderall remains high. MTF found that 7.5 percent of 12th graders and 5.2 percent of 10th graders reported non-medical use of this medication.

“The recent declines in the abuse of prescription pain medicines among teens are encouraging. The Partnership has been working for quite some time through both our Above the Influence program and the Medicine Abuse Project to help educate teens, parents and communities about the risks of medicine abuse and we are glad to see continued progress,” said Marcia Lee Taylor, President and CEO of the Partnership for Drug-Free Kids. “The persistently high percentage of teens abusing Adderall is certainly a cause for concern, however, the Partnership will be focusing on that behavior in the coming year with a new documentary to educate parents and communities about teen use of prescription stimulants like Adderall to cope with stress and pressure to succeed.”

Added Taylor, “While today’s news about substance use among teens is mostly positive, we cannot let that take our focus off of the prescription drug and heroin crisis among other age groups. As a country, we need to focus more of our attention and resources on prevention and early intervention, rather than cleaning up a problem once it has reached epidemic levels.”

The 2015 MTF survey of approximately 40,000 students in 8th, 10th and 12th grades also found:
  • Use of MDMA​ (known as Ecstasy and Molly) has been falling since 2010.
  • Cigarette smoking continued a decades­ long decline and reached the lowest levels since the study began. The percentage of students reporting they smoked in the past 30 days decreased for the three grades combined from 8 percent to 7 percent – a statistically significant drop.
  • The proportion of secondary school students using heroin has fallen gradually in the past few years, and it continued a gradual decrease in all three grades in 2015.
  • While most teens continue to report getting prescription medicine they abuse from friends or family members, one-third report getting them from their own prescriptions.
  • Alcohol use by the nation’s teens also continued its long-term decline in 2015. The three grades combined showed a further decline in the proportion of students reporting any alcohol use in the past year and also in the 30 days preceding the survey. In 2015, these rates are at 40 percent and 22 percent, respectively.
Marijuana Use Remained Stable Among Teens in the U.S.

Marijuana, the most widely used illicit drug, did not show any significant change in annual prevalence this year in any of the three grades, nor in the three grades combined. After rising for several years, the annual prevalence of marijuana use among teens has leveled out since 2010. Perception of risk associated with marijuana use continues to decline, however, moving from 36.1 percent of high school seniors saying use was harmful to only 31.9 percent this year.

In 2015, 12 percent of 8th ­graders, 25 percent of 10th­ graders and 35 percent of 12th­ graders reported using marijuana at least once in the past year. Of more importance, perhaps, is teens’ daily or near­ daily marijuana use (defined as smoking marijuana on 20 or more occasions in the past 30 days). These rates stand at 1.1 percent, 3 percent and 6 percent in 8th, 10th and 12th grades, respectively. And for the first time ever, daily marijuana use exceeds daily tobacco use among 12th graders.

The Partnership’s Above the Influence Program Empowers Youth to Be Their Authentic Selves
Above the Influence (ATI) is a popular and proven-effective drug and alcohol prevention initiative created for American youth. With an online community of over 1.5 million young people, the program has an active, robust audience. ATI is the only prevention program of its kind that exists in the U.S. for American teens and there is no other initiative that works to prevent substance abuse and addiction on a national level.

The Partnership spearheads all national youth outreach, including advertising, social media and campaign websites for Above the Influence. ATI’s positive impact has been documented in several studies published in respected peer-reviewed journals including American Journal of Public Health and Prevention Science.

Sumber drugfree.org

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